National Center for Forensic Science

People » Candice Bridge


Candice Bridge studied chemistry at Howard University and received an ACS certified B.S. degree in 2004. In 2007, she completed her doctoral research in analytical chemistry focusing on forensic sciences at the University of Central Florida (UCF).   In 2008, she conducted her post-doctoral research at the Center for Research and Education of Optics and Lasers (CREOL) at the UCF. At CREOL, she continued pursuing her research in laser induced breakdown spectroscopy for the analysis of forensically related materials. After completing her post-doctoral research, she was hired to be a Chemistry Lecturer at Howard University in Washington, D.C. In 2009, she moved to Atlanta, GA after accepting a position as a Trace Evidence Examiner at the Defense Forensic Science Center (formerly the U.S. Army Criminal Investigations Laboratory). For approximately 2 years she conducted forensic examinations in fire debris analysis and began pursuing explosive examinations. Afterwards, she moved to the Office of the Chief Scientist at the DFSC where for the following 3 years she was a project manager for research and development projects, the Humans Protections Administrator for human research projects within the Office of the Provost Marshall General, and the Educational Outreach Director for the Defense Forensics & Biometrics Agency. In 2014, Dr. Bridge accepted an Assistant Professor position at the University of Central Florida and the National Center for Forensic Science.

Research: Physical Evidence

Refereed Journal Articles

M. Marić, J. Marano, R. B. Cody, C. Bridge. “DART-MS: A New Analytical Technique for Forensic Paint Analysis?”. Analytical Chemistry. 2018. Submitted

B. Olivieri*, M. Marić, C. Bridge. “Determining the Effects of Adulterants on Drug Detection via ELISA and Adulterant Tests Strips”. Drug Testing and Analysis. 2018. In Review.

L. Gandy*, K. Najjar, M. Terry, C. Bridge. “A Novel Protocol for the Combined Detection of Organic and Inorganic Gunshot Residue”. Forensic Chemistry, 8, 1-10, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.forc.2017.12.009.

  • New forensic science journal for chemistry based research

B. Baumgarten, M. Marić, L. Harvey, C. Bridge. “Preliminary Characterization Scheme of Silicone Based Lubricants using DART-TOFMS”. Forensic Chemistry, 8, 28-39, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.forc.2017.12.005.

Y. Moustafa, C. Bridge. “Distinguishing Sexual Lubricants from Personal Hygiene Products for Sexual Assaults Cases”. Forensic Chemistry, 5, 58-71, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.forc.2017.06.004.

M. Marić, L. Harvey, M. Tomcsak*, A. Solano*, C. Bridge. “Chemical Discrimination of Lubricant Marketing Types using Direct Analysis in Real Time Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry”. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 31(12), 1014-1022, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7876.

  • Impact Factor: 1.998
  • Cited by: 1

M. Terry, B. Fookes, C. Bridge. “Determining the effect of cartridge case coatings on GSR using post-fire priming cup residue”. Forensic Science International, 276, 51-63, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.04.015

  • Impact Factor: 2.307
  • Cited by: 1

M. Marić, C. Bridge. “Characterizing and Classifying Water-Based Lubricants using Direct Analysis in Real Time® – Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry”. Forensic Science International, 266, 73-79, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2016.04.036.

  • Impact Factor: 2.345
  • Cited by: 4

E. Sisco, M. Najarro, C. Bridge, R. Aranda. “Quantifying the Degradation of TNT and RDX in a Saline Environment with and without UV-Exposure”. Forensic Science International, 251, 124-131, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.04.002.

  • Impact Factor: 1.81
  • Cited by: 3

E. Sisco, J. Dake, C. Bridge. “Screening for trace explosives by AccuTOFTM-DART®: An in-depth validation study”. Forensic Science International, 232, 160-180, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.07.006.

  • Impact Factor: 2.17
  • Cited by: 39

H. Swofford, S. Steffan, G. Warner, C. Bridge, M. Salyards. “Impact of Minutiae Quantity on the Behavior and Performance of Latent Print Examiners”. J. Forensic Identification, 63 (5), 571-591, 2013

  • Cited by: 3

H. Swofford, S. Steffan, G. Warner, C. Bridge, M. Salyards. “Inter- and Intra-Examiner Variation in the Detection of Friction Ridge Skin Minutiae”. J. Forensic Identification, 63 (5), 553-570, 2013

  • Cited by: 9

J. Martin, M. Baudelet, M. Weidman, M. Fisher, C. Bridge, C. Brown, M. Sigman, P.J. Dadigian, M. Richardson. “Stand-off detection of organic samples using filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” in Proc. of SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2009, Vol 7306, 73060Z1-7

  • Cited by: 2

M. Weidman, M. Baudelet, M. Fisher, C. Bridge, C. Brown, M. Sigman, P.J. Dadigian, M. Richardson. “Molecular signal as a signature for detection of energetic materials in filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” in Proc. of SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2009, Vol 7304, 73041G1-7

  • Cited By: 10

C. G. Brown, M. Baudelet, C. Bridge, M. K. Fisher, M. Sigman, P.J. Dadigian, M. Richardson. “Atmosphere Issues in Detection of Explosives and Organic Residues,” in Proc. of SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2009, Vol. 7304, 73041D1-12

  • Cited by: 6

C. Bridge, J. Powell, K. Steele and M. Sigman. “Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Applications in Forensic Science: Comparative Glass Analysis”. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 62(12), 1419-1425, 2007. DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2007.10.015.

  • Impact Factor: 2.76
  • Cited by: 58

C. Bridge, J. Powell, K. Steele, J. MacInnins and M. Sigman. “Characterization of Automobile Float Glass with Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Laser-Ablation Inductively Coupled Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS)”. Applied Spectroscopy, 60(10), 1181-1187, 2006

  • Impact Factor: 1.83
  • Cited by: 55

M. Williams, D. Fernandes*, C. Bridge*, D. Dorrien, S. Elliot and M. Sigman. “Adsorption Saturation and Chromatographic Distortion Effects on Passive Headspace Sampling with Activated Charcoal in Fire Debris Analysis”. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 50(2), 316-325, 2005

  • Impact Factor: 1.244
  • Cited by: 17
  • Premier journal for forensic science research articles.

Dr. Bridge’s research group focuses on the analysis of trace evidence forensic materials to understand the uniqueness of chemical features.  Using a variety of mass spectrometry techniques, they look to develop analytical methods that can increase the validity and evidentiary value of forensic evidence, which is determined using chemometric statistical techniques. Her group researches types of trace evidence: 1) the characterization of lubricant evidence obtained from sexual assaults, 2) the analysis of gunshot residue, 3) the identification of drugs/metabolites and/or masking agents in urine samples and other trace samples. Additionally, her team looks to understand ionization reactions that occur in ambient ionization-direct mass spectrometry techniques.